Date: the 23rd day of the last lunar month
Twenty-third of the last lunar month, or "preliminary year," is a day when people offer sacrifices to the kitchen god.
The "monarch of kitchen "or" kitchen god," who is worshiped among the Chinese people, is a god who takes charge of the fortune of families. It is said that on the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month every year, the kitchen god will report to Yuhuang Dadi can decide whether they should be awarded or punished. Therefore, when it is the time to send the kitchen god off, people will put candies, water, soybeans and fodder in front of his statue. The last three are prepared for the horse with which the kitchen god goes to heaven. When giving offerings to him, people will melt the Guandong candy (a king of candy originated in Northeast China) and apply it to the kitchen god's mouth. With his mouth being glued, he will not be able to speak ill of others before Yuhuang Dadi. People follow the custom that "men don't worship moon and women don't revere kitchen." Therefore the ceremony of offering sacrifices to the kitchen god is only hold by men.
On the New Year's Eve, the kitchen god will come to earth with other gods to celebrate the Spring Festival, so there should be a ceremony of "welcoming the kitchen god."
People always began to clean their houses from the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month and it usually lasts until the 23rd day. The cleaning is also called house cleaning or dusting. It is a thorough cleaning of the house, which aims to get rid of the bad luck and take on a new look. Every family will do the cleaning carefully and completely to make the house bright and clean. Twenty-fourth day of the last lunar month is decided as the "house cleaning day" in Beijing. Every year when it comes to that day, the housewives will firstly cover the beds and furniture and hood themselves. Then they will brush the walls with brooms. Later on they will clean the tables and floors. After all these, every family will take an entirely new look.