China is well known as an ancient country with a civilization several thousand years old. But few people know that sports in China claim a history as long and honorable as the country's civilization. During the several millennia of Chinese history, sports in China grew in pace with economic, political and military development. Sports in ancient China were extremely rich and diversified, each with distinct features of its own. Traditional Chinese life preserving arts, in particular, combine bodily movements and mental activity in a way rarely seen in sports practiced in other parts of the world. With their unique values in promoting health and combating disease, these arts are invaluable assets to mankind. With their unique national features, Oriental charm, health-keeping and therapeutic values and entertaining effects, ancient sports form an intrinsic part of Chinese civilization. Today, they are being steadily improved on a scientific basis and have taken their place in the sporting world, enriching the treasure house of human civilization.