Xining, another important city in the Silk Road, is the capital of Qinghai Province. It has an area of 3.5 thousand square kilometers and a population of 1.29 million. Xining lies in the Huangshui River Valley with a lot of mountains and ravines.
The city is literally translated Western Peace, a projection of wish fulfillment by imperial order. It has long been on the fringes of the western Chinese empire, probably established around the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), and it remained an important trading post in the area, mainly for goods to and from Tibet and China. It was by the sixteenth century that the city was set up as both a military garrison and a major trading post upon the Southern Silk Road.
Xining acts as one of the major gateways to the Tibetan Plateau. Xining is one of the summer resorts of China for its cool summer. The scenery of the Qinghai Lake, situated within Xining, provides an escape from fervent cities and allows you to experience beautiful natural sceneries. The lake itself is quite amazing. The Birds Island, situated on the northwest of Qinghai Lake, is waiting to present you with an extensive array of birds. To the southwest of Xining, is the birthplace of the founder of the Gelugpa Sect It is an ancient highland city on the Yellow River which offers many scenic spots and historical sites. The gem of the Tibetan culture-Ta'er Monastery was built here. To the north of Xining is the Beichan Temple. Climbing the temple will reward you with a view of the city from the mountaintop. A site not to be missed is the Dongguan Mosque, one of the biggest mosques in northern China.Although the city itself has a strong Islamic flavor, as it is home to many Hui people, you will start getting a more Tibetan feel as you move away from the city.
For most visitors both home and abroad, Xining provides a variety of delicious food and snacks. You can find some special meat products easily here for Xining is also a pasturing area. But, at the same time, don't forget that your health should be put on the first position. The popularity of the Xining region has been enhanced by convenient transportation and accommodation.