Huashan Mountain

Mt. Huashan
Mount Huashan, one of the five best-known mountains in China, is located to the south of Huayin County, 120 kilometers east of Xian, with an altitude of 2,200 meters. It is known for its awe-inspiring precipices.

The five peaks
The mountain has five peaks, which looks like five petals of a flower seen from afar, hence its name Mount Huanshan.

The North Peak
The North Peak is called the Cloudy Terrace Peak. It has only one hill that leads to the south with three sides disconnected with anywhere, and it is fairly steep.

West Peak
The Central Peak
The central peak is called the Jade Lady Peak. Legend has it that Nong Yu, the daughter of King Mu of Qin of the Spring and Autumn Period, admired Xiao Shi, a hermit, so much for the music he played on a vertical bamboo flute, that she left her family and flew here with Xiao Shi and lived in seclusion. Today, people can still see the Jade Lady’s Cave, the Wash Basin, the Dressing Stone Table and the Phoenix Pavilion.

The East Peak
The East Peak is also called the Morning Sun Peak. Standing at the top of the peak, one can enjoy the rising sun early in the morning. As the sun emerges from the sea of clouds, one cannot help but show great admiration. On the side at one cliff, one can see the impression of a huge hand, which is the well-known 'God's Hand Print on Mount Huashan". It is the first among the Eight Scenic Attractions in Central Shaanxi Plain.

The South Peak
The South Peak, also called Wild Goose-resting Peak, is the highest among the five peaks. It stands at an elevation of 2,200 meters. The top of the peak is a bare tock, on which men of letters of different periods of time carved inscriptions. At the top there are also the remnants of Lao Zi's Summit, the Immortality-pill-making Furnace and the Eight Diagrams Pit.

The West Peak
The West Peak is called Lotus Flower. It got its name because of a huge lotus flower-shaped rock in front of Cuiyun Temple at the top. It is the place where the legendary figure Chen Xiang, son of the Holy Mother III, split the mountain to rescue his mother. Close to Cuiyun Temple lies a huge rock which seems to have been split into two halves with an axe, hence its name "Rock Split with an Axe". Not far off stands a long-handled axe that is said to have been used by Chen Xiang.

Mount Huashan's Precipitousness

Winter Time's Huashan
Mount Huashan is famous its breath-taking cliffs. Along the 20-kilometre-long road around the five peaks, there are a number of places with sheer precipices: the Thousand-foot Precipice, the Hundred-foot Crevice, Laojun's Furrow, the Heaven-ward Ladder and the Blue Dragon Ridge. The Cliffside Road and the Sparrow Hawk's Cliff are among the most dangerous.

The Thousand-foot Precipice
After one passes Qingke Terrace and a huge rock named "Turn Back" on his way to the North Peak, he will find himself at the bottom of the Thousand=foot Precipice. The precipice is cut into the face of a nearly perpendicular cliff. The steps there are only toeholds, and one will have to grasp iron chains for support.

Laojun's Furrow
After the Hundred-foot Crevice, one ascends to the Laojun's Furrow. It is cut into the cliff, and towering into the sky. There are nearly 500 steps from the bottom to the top of the furrow. Legend has it that Lao Zi, the founder of Taoism, once drove his ox to this place and ploughed the furrow in one night. At the end of the furrow, he is said to have hung his plough.

The Blue Dragon Ridge
The sheer ridge will take one's breath away. It is 1,500 meters long and only one meter wide. At the end of the ridge one will find Yishen Cliff, with an inscription of five Chinese characters: "Han Yu Threw Down Will". The story goes that Han Yu, a Tang Dynasty poet, was once to cross the ridge. He was in such a great panic that he thought he could hardly go through such a perilous place, so he threw down his will on that spot.

Yuquan Garden (Jade Spring Garden)
Mount Huashan boasts a lot of places of interests. There stand Buddhist and Taoist temples, pavilions and buildings on the peaks and valleys.

Yuquan Garden is located at the entrance of the valley on the hillside north of Mount Huashan. Inside the garden, there is a cool, sweet spring; hence its name "Jade Spring Garden". The spring is said to come from an underground flow that runs from the Jade Well in the Zhenyue Temple.

The Temple of Mount Huashan
The Temple of Mount Huashan lies seven kilometers north of Mount Huashan. In ancient times, Mount Huashan was regarded as a mountain of divinity, and the Temple of Mount Huashan served as a place for the emperors of different dynasties to hold sacrificial ceremonies for the God of Mount Huashan. In 1988, this temple was categorized as national monument.

Ticket Price: Entrance Charge: CNY 100 (Apr. 1st-Nov. 30th)
                                                        CNY 50 (Dec. 1st-Mar. 31st)
Cable Car: CNY 110 (round-trip)
                     CNY 60 (one-way)