Former Residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen

Former Residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen
The former residence of Dr.Sun Yat-sen in Shanghai, a two-story European-style building, was built in the early 20th century. Lying in the north and facing south, it covers an area of 1,013 square meters with an construction area of 452 square meters. The external wall is decorated with gray pebbles with tiled roof in magenta. In the front is the square lawn with magnolia trees, camphor trees and holly trees planted around on the three sides. To raise funds for the revolution the residence was once pledged to banks, but later purchased back by four Canadian overseas Chinese as a gift to Sun Yat-sen.

East of the bottom level is the living room, where in the middle placed a sofa, and a wall hoisted with the pictures of Sun Yat-sen when he served as the provisional president of the Republic of China, and the one-year anniversary memorial photo after he died etc. There’re also ivory carvings and calligraphy and paintings given as gifts by friends. Restaurant is in the west, a round mahogany-made table and chairs are in the middle, on the wall there are portraits of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and some photographs, of which one is the photo taken with Song Qingling in the front of the China's first self-assembly aircraft when he inspected the Guangzhou airport. Besides, a conduction sword once used in law enforcement campaign and some silver shields, silver cups presented by people and groups along the way in the period of North Expedition are also exhibited in.

Upstairs is the study room in the west and bedroom in the east. In the middle is an ordinary desk while different-sized maps are hung on the wall, among which the "Shanghai water and land transportation plans of Wusong attached with the armed forces equipment map" and another piece of military demonstration map painted in brush are Dr.Sun Yat-sen's workings by hand. In the study and along the corridor, there are some 5,000 Chinese and foreign books displayed, covering a wide range of political, military, economic, historical, geographical and legal aspects.

In the bedroom lie a bed, wardrobes and the photo of Sun Yat-sen and his wife taken in Shanghai. Between the study and bedroom, there is a rectangular inner balcony displayed with a set of Chinese chequer made of shellfish given as gift by a Japanese friend and some Indonesia wood-carvings. A photo taken in Tokyo after the marriage of Dr.Sun Yat-sen and Song Qingling is hung on the wall in this section.

In the small living room facing north, there's a display of a set of Sun Yat-sen Clothes wear in his Northern Expedition ,a set of linen clothes, ticket packet, glasses, cutlery and some medical equipment used in the march.

Dr. Sun Yat-sen completed his works such as "Sun doctrine" and "Industrial Plan" here and through introduction by Chen Duxiu, he met with representatives of the Communist International asking in detail about the Russian Revolution and proposed the request to establish radio contact with the Soviet Union.He met with the Chinese communist Li Dazhao, talking about China's revolution and the restructuring of the Kuomintang Party issues. Besides, talks on the situation in the Far East and China's revolution, restructuring of the KMT, KMT-CPC cooperation, and establishing a united front and other issues were also discussed here for several days ,ended with the establishment of the thinking of a joint with Russian, joint with the Soviet Union, and to assist the farmers and workers. The "Declaration of the Chinese Kuomintang" was issued with stressing that the coming revolution must rely on the people. He met with representatives of various groups in Shanghai, more than 60 people, and called on the united struggle to make China an independent state.

After the death of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Song Qingling continued to live here. She has met with American journalists here with Smedley, Snow and the British writer George Bernard Shaw. She also met with the Chinese Communists underground workers Jian Dong Wu, who was told to help to convey the important letter of "KMT-CPC cooperation, joint anti-Japanese" to Chairman Mao Zedong and Premier Zhou Enlai. She met with, the Chinese Communists like Zhou Enlai, Qin Bangxian, Lin Boqu, on their way to attend the Lushan meeting with Chiang Kai-shek in the tone of supporting the ideas of KMT-CPC cooperation and joint anti-Japanese.

Song Qingling moved out of Shanghai, and home furniture items were committed to be kept properly by the friends and relatives. Finally, this former residence of Song Qingling and Dr.Sun Yat-sen was presented to the government as a permanent memorial place.