Shaanxi

Xia City Wall
Shaanxi province is a landlocked province in the middle reaches of the Yellow, with the abbreviation of Shaanxi or Qin. Covering an area of more than 190000 square kilometers, it has a population of 36 million of Hans, Huis, Manchurians, Mongolians and other ethnic peoples. The capital of the province is Xi'an City.

As early as the Zhou Dynasty, it was called the present name of Shaanxi. It belonged to the State of Qin in the spring and autumn and Warring States periods, Guannei and Shannan circuits in the Tang Dynasty, Shaanxi Circuit in the Song Dynasty. Shaanxi was established as a province in the Yuan Dynasty. 13 dynasties had their capital cities in the province, with a total of 73 emperors ruling supreme there.

Dancing Horse from Tang Dynasty
The venerated culture of Shaanxi plays an important role in Chinese civilization history. The province is dotted with more than 35000 cultural relic sites, including 60-odd paleoanthropologist and Paleolithic and Neolithic sites, 4300 ancient tombs, of which 72 are large-scale tombs of emperors, more than 1200 temples and monasteries, 557 grottoes, and 20000 or so other historical sites of stone carving, ancient and modern building, Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang had become a world heritage site. Xi'an, Xianyang, Yan'an, Yulin, Hancheng and Hanzhong are national famous historical and cultural cities. Main tourist spots in Shaanxi are Lishan, Huashan, and Tiantai mountains, Big and Lesser Wild-Goose Pagodas, Zhaoling and Qianling Tombs, Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor, Huaqing Palace, and so on.

Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang and Terra-cotta Warriors
Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses
The Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang, Yingzheng, who was the first emperor unified China, is located at the foot of Lishan Mountain, Shaanxi Province. Covering an area of 56.25 square kilometers, the mausoleum was designed according to the capital then. The vaults of the terra-cotta warriors and horses are 1.5 kilometers east of the mausoleum. There were totally over 7000 pottery figures unearthed there, including soldiers, chariots and horses. It is known as "as Eighth Wonder in the World". In 1987, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) inscribed the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang and Terra-Cotta Warriors on the World Heritage List.
 
Huaqing Palace
South of Lintong County and 30 kilometers to the east of Xi'an, the Huaqing Palace sits on the northwest slopes of Mount Lishan, where served as a popular site to build temporary palaces by emperors of different dynasties for its hot spring for convalescence. The Huaqing Palace was built in 747, or the sixth year of Tang Tianbao's reign. Emperor Minghuang of the dynasty and the Lady Yang, his favorite concubine, used to stay here for sightseeing and bathing.
 
Big Wild Goose Pagoda
Bif Wild Goose Pagoda
Located in the south of Xi'an, the famous pagoda stands in what was formerly the Temple of Great Maternal Grace. The original pagoda was built in 652 AD to house the Buddhist scriptures brought back from India by the traveling monk Xuan Zang. Standing on a terrace, the Big Wild Goose Pagoda is an impressive, seven-story, wood and brick building with a totally height of 64 meters. It offers a full view of the ancient Xi'an City when one climbs to the top of the pagoda.

Mount Huashan
One of the Five Sacred Mountains in China, Mount Huashan is located on the eastern part of Guanzhong plain and south in Huayin City, and it was known as the Western Sacred Mountain in ancient times. Huashan, true to its reputation as the "most precipitous mountain under heaven", is a cluster of five peaks with Luoyan Peak, the highest peak of 2200 meters above sea level. Covering a total area of 300 square kilometers, the scenic area is dotted with multitudinous tourist spots with their distinctive characteristic, and is a national scenic resort.

Tomb of King Huangdi
King Huangdi, whose first name was Ji and nickname was Xuanyuan, was born in Shouqiu (Qufu City in Shandong Province), and buried on the slopes of Mount Bridge in Huangling County, Yan'an City. He was believed the ancestor of Chinese. The tomb is 3.6 meters high, 48 meters in periphery, with a tablet pavilion in front of it, in which stands the tablet with inscription of "The Dragon's Burial Palace on Mount Bridge". At the foot of the mountain stands the Temple of King Huangdi, Xuanyuan by name, in which grows the cypress tree planted by Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty.