Macao Special Administrative Region is located on the southeastern coast of China and borders Zhuhai in Guangdong Province, 65 km west of Hong Kong, on the opposite side of the mouth of the Pearl River. Covering a total area of more than 20 square kilometers, the territory of Macao comprises the Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane islands. Macao's population is around 440000 residents, of which 95 per cent is Chinese, and the rest are Portuguese and immigrants from other countries. Chinese and Portuguese are used in Macao.
Macao has been part of territory of China since ancient times. In the mid-16th century, the Portuguese occupied Macao step by step. Macao is a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China since December 20, 1999 and will maintain its social and economical characteristics in accordance to the principle of "One country, two systems."
Macau is a fascinating fusion of Mediterranean and Asian people, lifestyles, temperaments, architecture and food.
Most of Macau's sights are on the peninsula jutting down from Zhuhai on the mainland, Avenida de Almeida Riveiro (San Ma Lo, or 'New Street', in Cantonese), running from Avenida de Praia Grande to the Inner Harbour, is Macau's main street. Its extension, Avenida do Infante Dom Henrique, runs south to the Outer Harbour.
South of here are the islands of Taipa and Coloane, joined together by an ever widening causeway and connected to the mainland by bridges.
Known as the "Monte Carlo of the East", Macao is a famous gambling city. Gambling in Macao is legal and occupies an important position in local economy. Major attraction is Macao include St. Paul's Ruins, Casino Lisboa, A-Ma Temple, Memorial House of Dr Sun Yat-Sen, Guia Hill, and others.