Abbreviated as "Liao", the province is the southern part of area of northeast China, separated from Korea by the Yalu River in its southeast. It faces the Shandong Peninsula across the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea in the south, making it a strategic gateway to Beijing and Tianjin. Covering a total of 150000 square kilometers, the province has a population of 42.38 million of Hans, Mongolians, Koreans, Xibos and other ethnic peoples. The provincial capital is Shenyang.
Liaoning is covered by wooded mountains of Changbai and Qianshan in the northeast and east, the vast Liaohe plain is in its heart. The Liaodong Peninsula in the south is famous production base of fruits, and the West Liaoning Corridor—a narrow strip of plain along a hundreds-of-kilometer-long coast of the Bohai Sea.
Liaoning is a province with long history, multitudinous historical relics and beautiful scenery—all these forming it rich resources of tourism. There are 191 cultural sites under national or provincial protection in the province, and 70-odd historical monuments and relics. Major scenic resorts include Qianshan Mountain, Yalu River and Dalian Beach scenic areas, Wooden-Club Isle, Yiwulu Mountain, Pen-Rest Mountain in Jinzhou, Water Cave in Benxi, and Beach of Xingcheng. Main places of historical interest are Shenyang Imperial Palace, Zhaoling Mausoleum, Fuling Mausoleum, Jade Buddha Park, Hushan Section of the Great Wall, and so on.
Shenyang Imperial Palace
Located in the center of old town of Shenyang, the palace was first constructed by orders of Nurhachi, former founder of the Manchurian Empire and the Qing Dynasty, in 1625 and completed in 1636 under the reign of Abahai, his eighth son. It was here that Qing Emperor Shunzhi was crowned before setting off to cross the Great Wall in 1644. Covering an araea of 60000 square meters and having more than 300 halls and rooms, it is considered a miniature of the Forbidden City in Beijing. But it by comparison is smaller in scale and the Manchurian influence behind its construction shows a vast departure in style from its predecessor. Main buildings are Chongzheng-dian (the Hall of Devoted Affairs), Dazhengdian (the Hall of Great Affairs), Fenghuanglou (the Phoenix Tower) and Qingninggong (the Palace of Celestial peace).
Also known as Zhaoling, it got the present name from its location in northern suburbs of Shenyang city, and was called "the Three Mausoleums of the Qing Dynasty out of Shanhai Pass", along with Fuling and Yongling tombs. Covering a total of 180000 square meters, it was the tomb of Qing Emperor Abahai and his wife. Completed in 1651, or the eighth year of Emperor Shunzhi's reign, it is an integration of Manchu, Han and Mongolia architectural arts.
The beautiful seaside city of Dalian on the southern tip of Liaodong Peninsula is a nice sightseeing recuperating and holidaymaking destination. It has an area of 1.2 hectares and a population of 5 million. Skirted on three sides by the sea, Dalian owns fabulous seaside landscape, pleasant weather and neat and beautiful urban environment, being a celebrated summering place and tourist city, as well as a national scenic resort. Main scenic spots include Bangchui (Wooded-club) Isle, Laohutan (Tiger's Beach) Park, Fujiazhuang Park, Xinghai (Star Sea) Park, Jinshitan (Golden Rock) Beach and lushunkou Scenic Resort and so on.
Also called "A-thousand-Lotus-Flower Mountain", it is located southeast of Anshan, 20 kilometers from city proper. The mountain is densely wooded, and abounds in flora and fauna, and is a national scenic resort. Among its scenic spots is a new discovery—a nature statue of the Buddha forming by a peak, which stands 70 meters high. The place has since become a holy land of Buddhism in northeast China. And many sacrificial utensils of the Ming and Qing dynasties were discovered at the foot of the peak.