Norbulingka, meaning 'Treasure Park' in Tibetan, is situated in the western suburb of Lhasa City, about one km (about 0.6 mile) southwest of Potala Palace. The garden covers an area of 360,000 square meters (about 430,000 square yards), with 374 rooms inside. It is the biggest man-made gardens in Tibet. Norbulingka was built firstly as the rest place for 7th Dalai Lama in 1740s. The first constriction was the Pavilion Palace. Since then, all Dalai Lamas stayed in Norbulingka to study before they were enthroned. Every Dalai Lama would still come here every summer. Thus, Norbulingka is called the Summer Palace of Dalai Lama.
The Galsang Phodrang was a winter palace built by the Qing Dynasty High Commissioner for the 7th Dalai Lama. After the palace was built, it has become the palace where the young Dalai Lamas learn Tibetan language and sutras. Even after they come into power, they still study history, read scriptures and appoint officials and deal with government affairs.
The Gyianse Phodrang Palace and Gyianse Lingkas were built during the time of the 13th Dalai Lama. In the Gyianse Phodrang Palace there are hall of worship, kanpu house and storehouse etc. Also in the palace there are many splendid murals with a full view of Mount Wanshou and Mount Wutai and some bearing strong Han characteristics in symbol of "blessing, wealth, longevity and happiness".
Daain Myingquelin Phodrang Palace, also called New Summer Palace, was the second palace added here in 1956 for the 14th Dalai Lama. It was completed in 1956 with an area of 1080 square meters. It has not only features of religion and monastery but also those of splendid palace and sumptuous villa.
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