Located on the southern bank of the lower reaches of the Yangtze, Jiangxi is called Gan for short, because of the ganjiang River, the largest in the province. It has a total area of more than 160000 square kilometers, and a population of 41.40 million consisting of ethnic peoples such as Han, Hui, Miao, She and Yao. Nanchang is the provincial capital
Mountains is Wuyi, Nanling and Luoxiao surround Jiangxi in three sides of east, south and west, and hilly land covers the middle of the province, which make up 64 percent of its total territory. The northern part is the Poyang Lake plain.
Jiangxi has a long history, famed as "the Land of Literature" since ancient times, and it is home to numerous famed cultural personages, including Tao Yuanming, OuYangxiu, Zhu Xi, Wen Tianxiang, Tang Xianzu, and Song Yingxing and so on. And also, Jiangxi is rich in scenery with mountains and rivers. Famous tourist scenic areas include world heritage site—Mount Lushan, Taoist famous mountains—Longhu and Sanqing, "Cradle of the Revolution"—Jinggang Mountain, Poyang Lake Nature Reserve, etc. sites of historical and cultural interest include Tengwang Pavilion, Xunyang Tower, Nengren Temple, yanshui Pavilion, Academy of White Deer Cave, and so on. Nanchang, Jiujiang, "Porcelain Capital"—Jingdezhen, Ganzhou and Ji'an are major tourist cities.
Located in the northern part of Jiangxi province, Mount Lushan faces the Yangtze River to the north and borders on the east with Poyang Lake, the largest fresh water lake in China. The mountain consists of 99 peaks, the tallest being Dahanyang, rising to the height of 1474 meters above sea level. With fantastic blend of imposing and magnificent peaks, changing sea of clouds, spectacular waterfalls and time-honored cultural relics, it is one of the most famous mountains and summer resorts in China, and was inscribed on the World Heritage List by the UNESCO in 1996. Main scenic spots include the Peak of Five Old Men, Three-Tier Sping, and Hanpokou Pass, Three Treasure Trees, Dragon-Head Cliff, Flower Path, Donglin Monastery, and so on.
Situated in Jiudie Valley, east of Munt Lushan, Three-Tier Spring is the most outstanding water attraction of the mountain. This waterfall plummets more than 150 meters from the pinnacle of the Peak of Five-Old-Men, having three tiers. It is reputed as "the Number One Spectacular View of Mt. Lushan". A famous saying goes "He who hasn't been to the Three-Tier Spring is not a real visitor to the Mount Lushan."
Academy of White Deer Cave
Located on the south slopes of the Peak of Five-Old-Men, the academy is one of the oldest institutions for high learning in China. It was built in 785, or the first year of Tang Zhenyuan's reign by the brothers of Li Bo and Li She. It was so called because one of founders once raised a pet white deer.
Located on the bank of the Yangtze River, west of Nanchang, it is one of the Four Most Famous Pavilions in ancient China. The pavilion was first built in 653, or the fourth year during the reign of Yonghui, when Li Yuanying (King Teng), a younger brother of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, was the governor of Nanchang, thus the name of the building. The reputation of Tengwang Pavilion, to a great extent, is due to a well-known prose—"Preface to Tengwang Pavilion" by Wang Bo, a reputable poet of the dynasty. It was destroyed and rebuilt many times in history, until it was burned to ashes in 1926. In 1989, the pavilion was rebuilt according to the style of architecture in the Song Dynasty. The present nine-storied building stands 57.5 meters high, and looks quite magnificent and splendid.
Stone Bell Hill
Situated at the mouth of Poyang Lake by Hukou County, the Stone Bell Hill is no more than 70 meters in height. Water of the lake, lapping into the cracks and crannies around the base, produces a bell-like sound hence the name. Su Shi, noted literati once wrote the famous article of "the Notes of Stone Bell Hill". It was also a military strategic spot in ancient time. Zhou Yu, a famous general of the Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms drilled the navy on the Lake here: and the Taiping Rebel once defeated Qing armies leaded by Zeng Guofan here.
Located west to Guixi County, the Longhu (Dragon and Tiger) Mountain having a typical danxia landform belongs to the Wuyi Mountains range. It is noted for lush-vegetation-covered peaks, graceful rivers and abundant cultural relics. As the birthplace of the Zhengyi Sect of the Taoism, the mountain is dotted with Taoist buildings including Shangqing Palace, Tianshi Mansion mainly. More than a hundred coffins are seen suspended on the cliffs of Xianshui Rock, which could date back to 2600 years ago during the spring and autumn and the Warring States periods. Situated on the eastern part of the mountain are the ruins of "Xiangshan Academy", which was established by Lu Jiuyuan, a celebrated scholar of Confucianism.
Located in southwest Jiangxi and the middle part of Luoxiao Mountains where Hunan and Jiangxi provinces meet, the Jinggang Mountains covers an area of more than 660 square kilometers. With an altitude of 1841 meters, the mountains look majestic and graceful. So many revolutionary sites, monuments, and museums indicated that Jinggang Mountains was a cradle of Chinese revolution. Major revolutionary Museum, five village of Great Well, Lesser Well, Upper Well, Middle Well and Lower Well, Huang-yangjie Post, and so on.