Abbreviated as "Su", Jiangsu Province lies in China's southeastern coastal region spanning the Huabei (North China) Plain and the Plain of the Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River. It covers an area of over 100000 square kilometers, with a population of 74 million, comprising mainly of Hans, Huis, and Manchurians ethnic people. The provincial capital is Nanjing.
The province is crisscrossed by rivers and studded with lakes. Southern Jiangsu is drained by a network of rivers and streams around Taihu Lake, and northern Jiangsu, by those around Hongze Lake, so the province is known as a "region of rivers and lakes". And its mild climate and fertile soil win it a nickname: "the land of fish and rice."
Abounding in places of historical interest and scenic beauty, Jiangsu has rich resources of tourism. The province has seven national famous historical and cultural cities—Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Changsu, Major tourist spots and scenic resorts are world heritage sites—classical gardens of Suzhou and Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum, the national scenic resorts of Taihu Lake, Bell Mountain, Yuntai Mountain, Lean West Lake, water counties of Zhouzhuang, Tongli and Luzhi, and others including Mausoleum of Dr Sun Yat-sen, three hills in Zhenjiang, Giant Buddha of Lingshan, and Cool-Hill Temple.
Classical Gardens of Suzhou
Suzhou is located in the southeast of Jiangsu Province, and is located in the southeast of Jiangsu province, and is called "Venice of the East" for its crises-cross rivers and many arched-bridges. The classical gardens in Suzhou represent the quintessence of the gardens built in southern area of the Yangtze River, and demonstrate the varied styles of the Yangtze River, and demonstrate the varied styles of Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. The gardens are not large but fascinating in their delicate design. The Canglangting, Shizilin, Zhouzhengyuan, and Liuyuan are four most famous gardens in Suzhou. In 1977, UNESCO inscribed the Classical Gardens of Suzhou on the List of World Heritage.
Ming Xiaoling Mausokeum
Lying on the south slope of Mount Zijin (Purple Gold), it is the tomb of Zhu Yuanzhang, founder of the Ming Dynasty, and his wife. Built in 1383, main buildings in the mausoleum include the Square City, Hall of Xiaoling, Precious City, and so on. On both sides of the 1800-meter-long winding sacred way are stone animal, minister and general statues. In 2003, UNESCO added it on the World Heritage List.
Southwest of the city of Nanjing and extending more than 100 kilometers, Qinhuai River is a branch of the Yangtze River. The inner section of the river used to be the most flourishing place of Nanjing. Painted boats shuttled to and flo and music sounded at night. Many love affairs and romances spread from here. Having been archaized and revived, nowadays, the region becomes the most characterized area of commerce, tourism and folklore and culture.
Ancient Water Town of Zhouzhuang
Zhouzhang is located to the southwest of Kunshan City, with an area of 36 square kilometer. It has a history of more than 900 year, and has preserved architectural style and layout of the Song Dynasty—"land and water routes running parallel, and streets and streets and canals neighboring each other". Spanning on the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, there are nearly a hundred of ancient residences and compounds, and the most famous ones are the mansions of Shen's Family and Zhang's Family.
An Ancient Town of Tongli
Located on the lakeside of Taihu and the shore of the Greaat Canal, 18 kilometers to Suzhou Tongli, a picturesque and elegant town covering an area of 62 square kilometers, has become world-known for its wonderful scenery and classic buildings. It is surrounded by water on four sides. The proper of this town is divided into seven blocks by 15 rivers, and 49 ancient bridges in different designs and sizes combine them into a complete whole. With their dwellings built beside the stream, the locals all enjoys the convenience to travel by boat. Tongli is rich in both culture relics and traditional architectures, there are many classic buildings constructed during the Ming and Qing dynasties. The Tuisi Garden (the Garden of Retreat and Reflection) is the most famous one.