Abbreviated as Neimenggu (Inner Mongolia), the region extends across north and northwest frontier of China, bordering on Russia and the Republic of Mongolia, the over 1.1-million-square-kilometer region is home to ethnic peoples including Mongolians which making up one-ninth of the total, Hans, Daurs, Ewenks, Oroqens, Huis, Manchurians, Koreans, and others, with a total population of 23.67 million. Found-ed in 1947, it is the first ethic autonomous region in China. The capital is Hohhot City.
The region abounds in tourist attractions of beautiful scenery of grassland and unique folklore. Daxing'anling in the eastern of the region, reputed as "the Green Treasure House", is a kingdom of wild animals. The region has many attractions to offer, including Mausoleum of Genghis Khan, Tomb of Princess Zhaojun, and Wudangzhao. Hores-racing, archery, wrestling, horseman-ship, folk singing and dancing, are main items for Nadam Festival, the foremost traditional festival of Mongol nomads, taking place every year, which would help visitors to know about culture of the people on horseback
Mausoleum of Genghis Khan.
The mausoleum is found in Ejan Horo Banner, 185 kilometers south of Baotou. The main buildings include a gate arch imitating the style of a Yuan period's city tower and three inter-linking yurt-style great halls, involving a 20-meter-high memorial hall in center, and the east and west side halls together with east and west corridors in addition to a bedroom palace. The remains of Genghis Khan, a pre-eminent 12th –century Mongolian monarch (1162-1227), and his wife are enshrined in the bedroom palace behind the memorial hall. The entire complex is splendidly ornamented. Sacrifice ceremonies held annually here, to commemorate the great hero and leader of the Mongolian people.
Tomb of princess Zhaojun
Located 9 kilometers to the south of Hohhot proper, the cemetery covers an area of 1.3 hectare. The tomb is 33 meters high. It was said that each year when it turned cold and grasses became yellow, only this tomb remained green, so it was also called "Qingzhong" (Green Tomb).
Wang Zhaojun, also named Wang Qiang, married Huhanye Chanyu, the emperor of Xiongnu, of her own free will during the reign period of Emperor Yuan of the Han Dynasty. She made great contributions to the relation-ship between Han and Xiongnu, and in the following more than 40 years, no wars broke out and people of both countries lived a peaceful life.
Wudangzhao, or the Bad Ger Lamasery, lying 70 kilometers southwest of Baotou, is one of the best-preserved Tibetan-style lamaseries and largest Tibetan Buddhist monastery of the Yellow Sect (Gelugpa) in the entire autonomous region. Situating on a hill slope and built during the Kangxi's reign (1662-1722) of the Qing Dynasty, it is a vast complex consisting of six main halls, three Living Buddha mansions and a mausoleum, and has a total of 2500 rooms
Grassland tourist Zones.
In the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, the area of grassland is 880000 square kilometers, or accountings for 21.7 per cent of the nation's total, the leading of China's five largest grasslands. From east to west, are scattered grassy marshland, typical grassland, wilderness grassland, grassy wilderness, and desert as well as hilly grassy marshlands, low wet and grassy marshland, and marshy grassland, distributed randomly anywhere. Major grassland tourist zones include the Hulunbuir, Xilin Gol, Xila Muren, Huiteng Xile and Gegen Tala. From May to September, the lands are covered with green grass and flowers, with big berds of cattle and sheep grazing in the meadows, ribbon-like rivers, pearl-like lakes and yurts resided by the Mongolians. They all constitute beautiful and majestic pictures.