Hubei, a province in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and to north of Dongting Lake, is abbreviated as E. During the spring and autumn and Warring States periods, it was the territory of the State of Chu. Under the jurisdiction of Jingzhou Prefecture in the Han Dynasty and Ezhou Prefecture in the Song dynasty, it became a province during the Qing Dynasty. The 180000 square kilometers province is home to Hans, Tjias, Miaos, Huis, Dongs, Manchurians and other ethnic peoples, with a total population of 60 million.
Wuhan is the provincial capital
The province slopes from the west to east. shennonjia, eastern part of the Daba Mountain, sits in the west of the province, and its highest peak is 3105 meters above sea level. The Jianghan Plain, in the southeast of Hubei, has so many lakes that gain it a nickname if "Province of A Thousand Lakes"
Hubei, a land of long history and developed culture, was one of birthplaces of Chinese Nation. Primitive Society people lived there hundreds of thousand years ago, and advanced Chu Culture was also created here. During the Three Kingdoms Period, it became a major battlefield, and major battles include the famous Battle of Chibi. Hunbei is endowed with list o tourist attractions, such as the East Lake, Yellow Crane Tower, Guiyuan Temple, Longzhong Relics, Wudang Mountains, Shennongjia, Xiling Gorge and Memorial Temple of Qu Yuan. Ancient complex in the Wudang Mountains and Ming Xianling Tomb have been listed as the world cultural heritage sites by the UNESCO.
Ming Xianling Tomb
Located in Zhongxiang City and covering an area of 52 hectares, it is the mausoleum of Emperor Jiajing's parents of the Ming Dynasty. It was inscribed on the World Heritage List by the UNESCO in 2000.
Located southwest of Danjiangkou City, Wudang Mountains back onto the Shennongjia Forest. The major peak,k Tianzhu (Heavenly Pillar), stand 1.612 meters high. Within an area of 240 square kilometers, there are 72 peaks, 36 rocks, 24streams and 9 springs. With the amazing and marvelous natural scenery, it is a famous Taoist mountain and the birthplace of Wudang Martial Arts. Atop on the mountain are cultural and historical sites of different dynasties, as well as the majestic and solemn Taoist architectural complex built in the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), which was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1994. Major tourist spots include Golden Hall, Zixiao Palace, Yuanhe Taoist Monastery and South Poak.
Ancient City of Jingzhou
Situated on the northern bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, Jingzhou is a city of great historical and cultural interest of the Jiangshan Plain. It had been chosen as the nation's capital by Five Dynasties (907-960). It was originally an earth city and rebuilt with bricks in the Qing Dynasty. The city holding access to the Yangtze River had been a place contested by all strategists since ancient times. The famous historical event, "General Guan Yu lost Jingzhou negligently", happened right here.
Yellow Crane Tower
Located on the Snake Hill in Wuchang District, Wuhan City, the tower was first built in 223 AD during the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280). After completion, the tower served as a gathering place for celebrities and poets to party and compose poems. It was destroyed and rebuilt many times in history. The present building was constructed in 1985 according to the style of architecture in the Qing Dynasty. The tower, 51 meters high, is five-storied with yellow tiles and red pillars, overlapping ridges and interlocking eaves, and looks magnificent.