Hongcun

Hongcun, Huangshan, Anhui
Hongcun is located in the southwestern foot of Mt. Huangshan and about 11 kilometers off the southwest of Yixian County. Hongcun Village is an ancient village with a history of 400 to 500 years. Hongcun Village has always enjoyed the name "a village in the Chinese painting". The village now boasts 158 dwelling houses dating back to the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, nearly 140 are still in good shape. The whole village covers an area of about 28 hectares. The place which is classed as old village spreads 19.11 hectares of land.

Hongcun was first founded in the Shaoxing period of the Southern Song Dynasty (about 1131-1162 AD.), with a history of about 900 years. Hongcun was first called "Hongcun (another Chinese word with the same pronunciation)". According to the record of Pedigree of Wang Clan, because it was enlarged to the shape of the Taiyi elephant at that time, it was acclaimed as Hongcun. In the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, its name was changed into Hongcun.

Hongcun, Huangshan, Anhui
In the Song dynasty, the villagers constructed an irrigation canal surrounding every house, so virtually every household in the village has easy access of the canal. The waterways of the village were supposed to be designed to provide source of washing water, even fire water in case of emergency. The construction was designed in similarity to a buffalo's body structure: Nanhu Lake is shaped like the buffalo's belly; Moon Pond looks like it's stomach; the channel its intestine. This vivid layout of buffalo is one outstanding feature of the village.
 
The typical residential dwelling of Huizhou employs the layout of a courtyard house. This building structure is popular in the regions of Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, and Jiangxi provinces. In general, when one enters through the main gate, he is greeted by a courtyard, which forms the center of the residence. All the rooms at the four sides of the courtyard would drain water towards the courtyard. This is symbolic in the sense that money, which is symbolized by water, will not flow out of the house. Next, one will see a partly opened main hall, flanked by side rooms. Behind the main hall are the staircase and the kitchen. The staircase can also be set in the space between the main hall and the side room. Connected by a corridor, the layout of the second level is exactly the same as the ground level. The residence is surrounded by high walls that are lined with green tiles-adding an aesthetic touch to the entire compound.

Everyday hundreds of visitors are attracted to the village by its beautiful views. All the buildings follow local architectural style, have exquisite carvings and are magnificent symbols of its time. They were built with fine craftsmanship that is regarded as the best in China. Among them, Chenzhi Hall is a big and gorgeous residential building, including two living rooms, one Buddhism prayer section, one Majiong room and a opium cabinet, etc. It enjoys the name of "Residence Museum". It is said that more than 20 caving artists spent 4 years finishing the luxurious handicraft wood works, which was gilded with 100 liang (a traditional unit of weight, equal to 5 kilograms) of gold. After your visit, you will conclude that Hong Cun's major difference from other villages is that the well-preserved ancient houses get along harmoniously well with her beautiful surroundings. Hongcun was inscribed into the list of the World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000. Hongcun is also the location for the famous Chinese film "Wo Hu Cang Long (Crouching Tiger and Hidden Dragon)", 2000, directed by Lee Ang. In the 73rd Academy Awards, the film has won Best Foreign Film, Best Original Score, Best Cinematography, and Best Art/Set Direction.

Admission Fee: CNY 80

Huangshan Tours

16 Days 15 Nights Beijing - Xian - Nanjing - Huangshan - Hongcun & Xidi - Huangshan - Hangzhou - Shanghai Tour