Longjing Village

Longjing Village
Longjing (Dragon Well) is a small village which perches on a hill called Fenghuang Hill, connecting the South Hill and the North Hill. The village is deeply buried in the luxuriant trees punctuated with mysterious springs and streams. Ancient residents believed that some dragon dwelled here. People began to come here to pray for rainfall as early as Wu of Three Kingdoms (221-280) whenever there was a drought. It was said that the dragon was the god who controlled rainfall. 

Our Travelers in Longjing Village
On the west part of Longjing Village lays Sun-Setting Valley, which is where today's Central Longjing is.  

An eminent monk by the name of Eloquence in the Northern Song (960-1127 AD) retired into the valley as a hermit. The monk had a Buddhist temple built in the valley called Shousheng Temple which was renamed as Yan'en Yianqing Temple in the Southern Song).

Eloquence made friends with a lot of men of letters including Su Dongpo (1037-1101), an eminent poet in Chinese literary history. To treat these friends, the monk had planted a plot of tea trees around the temple and made tea for them. With time elapsing, the green tea at the Dragon Well became famed during the time of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The recommended way of drinking is to put some dried tealeaves into a porcelain cup before pouring hot water into the cup. By the time of the Ming Dynasty, the temple erected by Eloquence the monk had long since fallen into ruins. The temple was built again. Though it was still officially named after its predecessor, it has been known simply as Dragon Well Buddhist Monastery. 

Longjing Village
Longjing (Dragon Well) Tea is famous for its unique fragrance and flavor, distinguished leaf shape and green color. Dragon Tea and Tiger Spring match each other so well that they are rated together as the two superb specialties in Hangzhou. Visiting the Dragon Well and Sipping Tea there was a visual and oral pleasure no one could afford to miss during those years.

In the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Emperor Qian Long (1736-1795) visited Longjing Village and enjoyed himself sipping tea. He wrote some poems, speaking highly of the Dragon Well Tea and the surrounding landscape. 

Making Tea
The emperor was so pleased with the tea he tasted and the scenery there he experienced that he gave poetic names to eight scenery spots around Longjing. The royal appreciation greatly boosted the reputation the Longjing Tea. The Dragon Well Tea has been popular all over China since then.

In 1985, Tasting of Authentic Longjing Tea at Dragon Well was selected as one of New Ten Views of West Lake in the city's efforts to reorganize its tourism business.

The price of authentic Longjing Tea goes up each year, especially the tea picked between Qing Ming and Grain Rain that is from April 5 to April 21. The tea picked at that time of year is presumably of the highest quality. It is a great pleasure to visit Longjing during this period. Farmers are busy picking and processing tealeaves and their work produce fragrance overflowing all over the Dragon Well. Tourists love to visit the Dragon Well during this time so as to see farmers working, taste the first batch of the best tea in the springtime, and ask about tea farming and tea anecdotes.