Abbreviated as Qiong, Hainan Province is located at the southernmost tip of China, facing Guangdong Province across the Qiongzhou Strait. Covering an area of 34000 square kilometers, the province consist of Hainan Island, Xisha, Nansha and Zhongsha islands on the South China Sea, and their surrounding territorial waters. Established as a province in April 1988, Hainan has a population of 7087 million at present including ethnic groups of Hans, Lis, Miaos, Huis, and others. Haikou is the provincial capital.
The Wuzhi (Five-Finger) Mountains sits in the center of Hainan Island, the second largest island of China, and coastal plains and tablelands make up two-thirds of total area of the province. A half provincial territory covered by forest, Hainan is under a tropical marine monsoon climate, and is a base of tropical crops and plants in China.
Having fabulous scenery and pleasant climate, Hainan is nice tropical destination of scenic tour in China, and famous for sunshine, beaches, sea water and hot spring. Haikou and Sanya are major tourist cities of the province. Hainan woos visitors from around the world with a myriad scenic spots and places of cultural interest. These include Hai Rui' Tomb, Five Lords' Temple, Dongjiao Coconut Plantation, Tianya haijiao, Dadonghai Beach, Yalong Bay, Luhuitou and village of Li and Miao ethnic groups.
Village of Li Ethnic Minority
Among the total population of 7.87 million of Hainan, 1.2 million people are minority ethnic groups. Lis are the earlier inhabitants of the island, and they keep many unique folklore and customs. The Third Day of the Third Lunar month Festival is the most famous traditional festival.
The 163-kilometers-long Wunquan River, which originates in Wuzhi Mountains, is one of Hainan province's main rivers. Beautiful scenery on both banks boasts the river a unique charm of southern China.
Tomb of Hai Rui
Hai Rui (1515-1587) was a compassionate officer and noted statesman of the Ming Dynasty. He was famous for his righteousness and royalty, and reputed as "Hai qingtian" (an upright magistrate is often likened to qingtian). The Tomb of Hai Rui, built in 1589 during Ming Emperor Wanli's reign, is located in Xiuying District, Haikou City. The tomb, 3 meters in height, is a semi globe shape brick structure. A stone tablet with Hairui's title inscripted on it was erect in front of the tomb.
26 kilometers southwest from Sanya, Tianya Haijiao (literally edge of the sky, rim of the sea) is a somber-looking beach with clear water, silver sands and a hundred-odd grotesque rocks in various shapes. Standing in the center is a huge rock, about 10 meters in height, inscribed with Chinese characters of "Tianya", the handwriting of Cheng Zhe, an offices of Yazhou, in 1733, or the 11th year of Qing Emperor Yongzheng's reign, and the characters of "Haijiao", added by literati of the ends of the Qing Dynasty. Other attractions, such as Nantian Yizhu and Haipan Nantian, are also well known.
Yalong (Asian Dragon) Bay
The crescent-shape bay, 28 kilometers southeast of Sanya City, is screened by green hills in three sides, with a total of 18.6 square kilometers. It is reputed as "the Number One Bay Under Heaven" for the gentle and broad beach, white and soft sands, and crystal clear seawater.