The Sanxingdui ruins in Sanxingdui village, eight kilometers west of Guanghan city on the fertile Western Sichuan plane, are indeed a world’s miracle. The crystal clean Yazi River, meanders from northwest to east and the several-dozen-meter-wide Mamu River winds its way from southwest to east, forming a “Mesopotamia” in southwest China (Mesopotamia is in eastern Syria and Iraqi, where Babylon, Assyria, and other ancient countries were established). The three loess mounds on the southern bank of the Mamu River that looked like three golden stars in the southern of Sanxingdui Village become an important symbol of the ruins at Sanxingdui. On the northern bank of the river is Yueliangwan (zhenwu Village). The two large villages facing each other on opposite banks by the river are called Sanxingbanyue, meaning three stars accompanying the moon, one of the eight major scenic spots in the area.
The ruins at Sanxingdui consist of six groups of ruins with a total area of 12 square kilometers, including the site of an ancient city that stretches for 2.6 square kilometers. The city wall on the east, west, and north extends 2,810 meters. Some 500 square meters of the ancient city have been excavated, and more than 100,000 historical relics were unearthed. These historical relics are rich in contend, novel in design, and of fine workmanship. These are such stone objects as axes, adzes, shovels, chisels and spinning wheels. Of the unearthed pottery articles, gray pottery occupies first place and red pottery comes second. Most of the pottery objects are high-stemmed dous (boels), cups, jars, basins and plates. They were fired in an annular kiln with a loose base, Indicating ab insufficient duration of heating.
The culture ruins at Sanxingdui that belong to the Neolithic culture some 4,000 years ago roughly during the xia (c-21st-c. 16th century-1066 BC) dynasties are related, to a certain extent, to the Longshan, Qijia and Erlitou culture (the culture of the xia dyansty). The ruins at Sanxingdui are as old as the Pyramids of ancient Egypt and the civilization of ancient Greece, ancient Rome, Mesopotamia and ancient india. The discovery of the ruins pushed the history of the ancient Shu Kingdom 2,000 years earlier, showed that the Changjiang River valley is a birthplace of Chinese civilization like the huanghe River valley, and is one of epoch-making significance. Archaeological testified to the fact that the site of the ancient city was a political, economic, and culture center of the Shu Kingdom with a brilliant bronze culture during the Shang dynasty.
Of the nearly 1,000 bronze objects that were brought to light from the two pits at Sanxingdui, six are national treasures. There is a bronze mask in the design of a human figure, a bronze human head, a bronze human face, a bronze object of the animal face, bronze objects in the shape of an animal or a plant plus a gilded mask, a bronze divine tree, a gold-wrapped walking stick, showing the superb casting and perfect sculpture technologies of the articles of the ancient Shui Kingdom more than 3,000years ago. The bronze objects and the gold-wraooed walking sticks area made by drawing on the artistic style of West Asia, the Near East, and central China, a result of the cultural interflow between China and other countries. West Asia and the Near East, birthplaces of the bronze figures and gold-wrapped walking sticks, first entered the bronze ear in the world and then spread the bronze art to South Asia. When viewing the unearthed bronze object as a whole, one can finds that these bronze objects have a style of their ownm testifying that the ruins at Sanxingdui were another birthplace of the Chinese culture and a center of civilization on the upper reached of the Changjiang River.
The bronze objects unearthed from the tow sacrificial pits show the structure of the ruling class with the king of the Shu Kingdom as the core, supported by the heads of various clans.
At the end of the 2,000 and the beginning of 2001, Chinese archaeologists made another excavation of the ruins at Sanxingdui in a hope to unveil the origin of the clansm their culture and civilization and the formation of the kingdom. A museum has been constructed over the ruins. The museum in a spiral, curved form is a palace of ancient art.