DuFu Thatched Cottage
DuFu's Thatched Cottage locates beside the Huanhua Stream out of the west gate of Chengdu, Sichuan Province. It used to be the living quarter of the famous realistic poet in Tang Dynasty—Dufu. It has been renovated in Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties in history, and now leaving us with a classic, garden like cultural resort. DuFu's Thatched Cottage is famous for the poems reserved there and the living traces of the well-known poet. In 1985, it has been turned into a museum, housing the most complete, most characteristic and the largest scale remains of Dufu.
It houses various resources as many as 30,000 volumes, and 2000 pieces of cultural relics, including the fine-script books, manuscript books and photocopy books of Dufu's poems from Song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, also some letterpress printing books in modern times. Besides, there're also foreign editions in 15 foreign languages and 120 kinds issued in Korea and Japan. All of these marked the role in its completion and richness in Dufu's poems.
Dufu, one of the most famous ancient realistic poets in Tang Dynasty, lived in the transition period of Tang from prosperity to decline. He went through all kinds of difficulties in his whole life but without realizing his ambitions and ideals. Because of his outstanding achievements and talents in poems, he was named the “poem saint”, and more than 1400 poems were left to today.
DuFu's Thatched Cottage is divided into three sections by different functions: the relics touring area (Old Site), the garden touring area and the service area. The old site of the cottage starts with the front gate, hall of history of poem, which are all arranged along one central axis. Hall of history of poem is the main construction of this memorial complex, in which a sculpture of Dufu was erected in the middle. Dufu's paintings and other poets like Luyou and Huang Tingjian were also shown in this hall. To the east of Gongbuci is the pavilion of “Shaoling cottage”, which is the symbol of Dufu's living thatched cottage; in the Nanmu wood forest in the south of the cottage there lies the rebuilt “Ten-thousand Buddha Tower”; in the northeast part of the cottage, there's the exhibition hall of relics from Tang Dynasty, housing the largest amount of cultural relics and living remains of Tang Dynasty., which largely enriched the historical and cultural content of DuFu's Thatched Cottage and testified Dufu's description about his living surroundings and scenes.